Dogs are man’s best friend since thousands of years and back then feeding a dog was never a problem like present day situations as Dog Eating Habits have changed too. Currently having a puppy and growing it is hideous task were most of the owners are confused about its diet and requirements.
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Let us have a look at Dog Eating Habits and what can be the right foods for building a healthy immune system of a puppy.
Diet patterns has changed with time – Dog Eating Habits
Back in time it’s said that dogs have been evolving in this planet for about 40 million years and majority of the time they had no human contact. So that simply implies that dogs are used to eating raw and natural foods unlike canned foods which we present in front of them.
Man has altered the food patterns of all domesticated animals for his own benefit and changed their natural living styles from that of what Mother Nature had intended for them. He did this for getting a better breed or profit or whatever may be the reason, but has surely hindered the natural evolution process. Have you ever heard a wild animal suffering from food allergies or kidney problems? No and the reason is simple because they live on natural raw foods. They have been trained to eat so by nature herself, since their evolution; so just give a thought on how we treat our pets and what are we doing with them. Any organism best thrives and survives when provided with natural diets and dogs are no exception.
Build healthy immune system right from the uterus with proper Dog Eating Habits
A puppy’s growth starts from its mother’s tummy, so that is the time when we have to start giving it the right foods. In most of the cases you won’t have that option while you might be getting a puppy directly from its owner or a pet shop, so in that cases make sure you buy one from a breeder who mainly concentrates in giving raw foods. The puppy’s mother should be fed with raw foods while she is lactating so that her offspring’s will develop with strong immune system and growth.
After the pup is about four weeks old then he or she is ready to gulp on solid foods. Usually pups feed on foods partly digested and chewed by their mothers in their natural habitats. The bitch makes sure that she eats different variety of foods like organic materials, carcass or raw meat to ensure that her pups are getting proper nutrition. By the time the pups grow up to 8 weeks or so they are ready to hunt on their own and eat the same foods as their mother does.
All these are just reserved for those puppies that are born to play in the wild, whereas domesticated puppies are served with instant canned foods which can neither take the place of natural foods nor provide proper health to puppies.
How to mimic a natural diet for domesticated puppies?
The answer is very simple stop giving your pups processed canned foods instead replace it with raw foods as they would get in the wild. Since they are small they won’t be able to chew it or digest it alone without the help of their mothers. So to tackle this problem make sure you chop the raw meats into small sizes and always give them a balanced diet which includes carbs, proteins, fats, fruits and veggies. You can add certain natural vitamin supplements and probiotics along with their diet for easy absorption and digestion process. (Choose these supplements with an expert vet’s advice).
Pasteurized milk, Bones and Cereals For Dogs – Dog Feeding Habits
If your pup is too small and separated from its mother then choose to give goat’s fresh milk which is a better alternative than giving pasteurized milk. Pasteurized milk does not contain anything which can be of any help to a puppy so avoid the idea of heating your normal store bought milk and serving it. Also avoid high cereal diets as they do not help in building a healthy immune system. They are high in sugars and starch which are difficult for pups to digest. A basic diet of a pup should include at least 70% of proteins and cereal diets are low in proteins. Just supplying your puppy with porridge and other cereals will not do any good other than damaging the digestion process. As soon as puppies shed the milk tooth start giving them raw bones as they help to maintain healthy teeth and gums.
Bones are natural source of calcium and they provide strength and abrasive dental action. Bones are a part of their healthy natural diet which helps to clean the bowels and regulate anal gland functions. Make sure you don’t provide you pup with hard bones instead give them soft ones which are large enough so that they don’t swallow it as a whole. Try to provide natural foods that contain all vitamins and minerals in required amounts. Don’t overdo anything and try to teach good habits rather than training him to eat on the leftovers.
Foods to avoid for building a healthy immune system: Dog Eating Habits
- Chocolates are one of the favorite foods of many species especially human beings and we tend to feed our pets occasionally with these sweet treats. If you are doing so then stop immediately as chocolates are poisonous foods for pups (even adult dogs) as they contain theobromine which is a stimulant.
- Tea or coffee; do not even think of giving any caffeinated products to your pups as they may cause fatal problems.
- Fats are essential in a pup’s diet but don’t overdo it as too much fat can cause pancreatic ailments and also lead to obesity.
- Reduce the sugar and salt proportions in a pup’s diet as too much of either of these can cause liver failures.
- According to ASPCA, you should avoid giving certain fruits like avocadoes, peaches, plums and grapes as they do not contribute to health but may trigger to cause other ailments.
- Raisins and macadamia nuts are forbidden from a pup’s diet as they cause kidney failures, depression and vomiting within few hours of consumption. Reasons for such problems are not clear but still it is worth avoiding such items for the sake of your pups’ life.
- Also stop giving yeast based products as they may cause severe pain in the pups’ tummy and may even lead to death. A small amount of baked items once in a while is fine but do not make it a practice.
- Avoid cooked poultry and ham bones as pups can’t chew them easily and get trouble with their teeth.
General precautions in Dog Food Habits
- Do not feed leftovers in the fridge to your pups or even adult dogs as they may cause food poisoning.
- Onions and garlic’s are safe foods for humans but are not so friendly for dogs. Consuming sufficient amount of garlic and onions may damage red blood cells in dogs and pups, so avoid including them in their diets.
- Keep garbage cans far away so that your pups don’t get to access it and eat leftover items. It’s always best to maintain hygiene and good habits.
Conclusion: Dogs usually exhibit an omnivorous feeding behavior in their growth stage and for that reason their diet should include proteins, carbs, fats, vitamins, minerals and water in ample proportions. A diet which includes all these items is called as a balanced diet and of course these also depend on the age, breed, gender and metabolic levels. Many people recommend on giving processed foods for puppies and dogs, but just give a thought did they eat such foods just before 1950’s. No, they did not; they used to eat raw foods and were far healthier than present day dogs. I am not advising to stop all artificial foods but always make or include diets only after consulting with a vet. To grow a nutritionally and genetically fit pup a natural raw diet is the key to better health and long life by developing old and proper dog eating habits.